Total Football is a tactical theory in which any outfield player can take over the role of any other player in a team and depends largely on the adaptability of each player to quickly switch positions depending on the on-field situation. 

Introduced at Ajax and made famous by Johan Cruijff and the 1974 Netherlands team, this flexible and innovative approach revolutionised football. 

In 2018, It is fitting to see that the Johan Cruijff ArenA in Amsterdam is now leading the way in smart innovations off the pitch, recently switching on the largest European energy storage system using second-life and new electric vehicle batteries in a commercial building. 

Using batteries provided by Nissan, the bi-directional storage system is designed to store power generated by solar panels on the stadium's roof and support the local grid, where it will help manage peaks and troughs in electricity demand. 

As Ajax and the Netherlands did in the 1970's, the ArenA is relying on a smart system that is built on flexibility and connectivity, getting much more productivity and results out of everything working together versus independently. 

In addition, it's fascinating to see this growing circular economy for EV batteries following their initial use in vehicles. 

This project is the latest of many examples of automakers using electric vehicle battery packs in stationary energy storage projects - Mercedes-Benz recently turned a coal power plant into an energy storage system with electric car batteries and BMW is also using vehicle battery packs for energy storage projects - recently connecting over 500 BMW i3 battery packs to the UK National Grid to create its latest large energy storage project to date.

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(*we are also huge football geeks if you couldn't already tell from this article!)