The V2G area is one we often comment on, and share stories and reports such as this. Energy Storage and e-mobility are the core of our activity, and of course critical components of the transition to a low carbon energy transition. There are many skeptics as to how V2G can work, and what damage is done to batteries, ourselves included, but increasingly we're seeing trial results like this. Positive signals which require more investigation and trials, and of course the best talent!
With the i ChargeForward pilot, BMW was required to provide PG&E with 100 kilowatts of grid resources when called upon, through a combination of delaying charging for nearly 100 BMW i3 vehicles in the San Francisco Bay Area and drawing from a second-life stationary battery system built from reused EV batteries, for the duration of 1 hour. The grid services demonstrated in the pilot included day-ahead and real-time signals that were modeled after existing proxy demand resources from the California Independent System Operator (CAISO), in order to test whether these resources could eventually participate at the wholesale level. Over the course of 18 months, from July 2015 to December 2016, the i ChargeForward project dispatched 209 demand response events, totaling 19,500 kilowatt-hours, according to a recently released program report.